It is a natural process which occurs in all the female after the puberty. Menstruation is also commonly known as periods or menstruation cycle. While periods a female experience continuous discharge of blood & mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina takes place. Periods mainly starts after 12 years of age which is known as menarche, and this process stops in between the age of 45-55 years which is called as menopause.
Menstruation cycle or periods also arrest during pregnancy & typically don’t resume during the starting phase of breastfeeding. When the Menstruation or periods don’t occur even after the age of 15 or haven’t occurred till 90 days is called as amenorrhea.
Why Does Periods Occurs?
It occurs due to the discharge in the hormones which are released by the pituitary gland. Due to these hormones egg cell are issued by the ovary. At the same time, the lining of the Uterus prepares itself for the possible pregnancy & becoming thicker & richer in the blood vessels. But if the egg cell didn’t fertilize the lining of the Uterus breaks down, as a result, the blood and tissues from this lining come out from the body through the vagina. Female body repeats this process every month.
An Overview Of Menstrual Cycle
This process completes in 28 days. Find the quick overview or all the detail about periods from day 1.
- 1-5 is regarded as bleeding time. Day 1 starts with the menstruation bleeding. Usually, the bleeding ends in 5 days, but sometimes it takes 3-8 days.
- During 6-14 days of the period, the female body prepares itself for the possible pregnancy. When the bleeding stops the inner lining of the uterus prepares itself for the possible pregnancy & become thicker & richer in blood & nutrients.
- During 14-25 days, the egg cell is released by the ovary, after that the discharged egg cell move towards the fallopian tube. If the egg cell is get fertilized, then it’ll move towards the uterus for the implantation.
- During 25-28 days, If the egg cell isn’t fertilized by the sperm cell, the hormones change signals the uterus to get rid of its lining which results in the egg breaks down.
Effects Of Periods On Female Health
A woman experiences several kinds of health issues during periods. Here I’ve discussed some of them which are listed below
It is one of the common problems during the periods or Menstruation. Approximately 50% woman suffer from this issues & almost 15% female experience pain which may be un-tolerable. The nature of pain may be mild, moderate or severe. The menstrual cramp is of two types. 1st types of periods pang are natural & it occurs when the ovulation process starts whereas other kinds of menstrual pain happen due to the abnormal health condition of the reproductive system. Second types of menstruation cramp can be severe.
Change In Mood & Behavior
Sometimes female experience change in emotions and it remains for the first one & two weeks before their periods and stops once the periods get started. The main symptoms of periods are mood swings, tension, crying spells, etc.
What To Do?
Most of the female experience severe pain during periods but some home remedies can help you to reduce some pain. Here is some do’s list which may help you with this.
Use tea with a low level of caffeine
Some Gynaecologist advice to drink at least one cup of tea. The heat from the tea provides you essential comfort to your distressed muscles if you use herbal tea (Chamomile teas, Ginger tea, Peppermint tea, lavender tea, green tea). Herbal teas provide you enough freshness & relieve you from the fatigue & also decrease the amount of pain you experience.
Drink a Sufficient Amount of Water
You should drink at least 6 to 8 glass (2.5-3.5 liters) of water each day. Consumption of a sufficient amount of water helps you to feel better. Drinking adequate amount of water also improves your complete health, especially during the periods or menstruation. Drinking water improves your health, but it is contaminated then it may be harmful to your health so only drinking water which is adequately treated by the water purification system.